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备战高考必须要注意复合介词

请看几道高考真题:1. _________ fire, all exits must be kept clear. (天津卷)

  A. In place of B. Instead of C. In case of D. In spite of
  2. The open-air celebration has been put off _________ the bad weather. (浙江卷)

  A. in case of B. in spite of C. instead of D. because of
  3. I have offered to paint the house _________ a week's accommodation. (山东卷)

  A. in exchange for B. with regard to C. by means of D. in place of
  这三道题的答案分别为CDA.通过这几道题我们可以看出,高考英语似乎对“介词+名词+介词”这类复合介词似乎有着非同寻常的“感情”,所以同学们在平时学习或复习中也不可不重视。本文根据高中英语教材和高考考试大纲,同时结合近几年的高考英语考题情况,为大家总结了以下20个复合介词,供同学们参考。

  1. in advance of 在……前面。如:He is far in advance of his class. 他在班上遥遥领先。

  I shall walk a few steps in advance of you. 我将走在你前面几步。

  2. in case of 一旦,以防,如果。如:In case of fire, call 119.倘若有火灾,就打119电话。

  The wall was built along the river in case of floods. 为了防洪,沿河筑了堤。

  3. in charge of 担任,指挥,管理,负责照料。如:He was placed in charge of the department. 他受命管理这个部门。

  She is in charge of our class. 她担任我们的班主任。

  4. in course of 在……过程中,在……时,在进行中。如:The new railway is in course of construction. 新铁路正在兴建当中。

  The goods ordered are now in course of shipment. 定的货正在运输途中。

  5. in danger of 有……的危险。如:The patient is in danger of death. 病人有死亡的危险。

  These goods are in danger of robbery. 这些货物有被盗的危险。

  6. in defense of 保卫,保护,为……辩护。如:Is there any man unwilling to fight in defense of his country? 难道有谁不愿为保卫祖国而战吗?

  He wrote a book in defense of his doctrine. 他写了一本书为自己的学说辩护。

  7. in favour of 赞成……,以……为受款人。如:Was he in favour of the death penalty? 他赞成死刑吗?

  Cheques should be written in favour of Mr Smith. 支票上请写明以史密斯先生为受款人。

  8. in front of 在……前面。如:There is a pond in front of the house. 房屋前面有个池塘。

  You shouldn't discuss that in front of the children. 你不应该当着孩子的面谈论那类事。

  9. in memory of 纪念……。如:He founded the charity in memory of his late wife. 他兴办那项慈善事业以纪念他已故的妻子。

  A service was held in memory of the dead. 为死者举行了悼念仪式。

  10. in need of 需要……。如:We are all in need of a rest. 我们全都需要休息。

  Are you in need of help? 你需要帮助吗?


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